PM ChangeAgent Commentary by Stacy Goff; ProjectExperts CEO.
In the early 1990s, a corporate executive and I were talking about the talent in his organization, and he asked me a question: “What’s the difference between a project manager and a product manager?” I knew he had his own answer already, so I asked him: “I can think of a dozen differences, but what do you think is the difference?”
He replied, “The Product Manager has a personality.”
I was shocked. As a practicing project manager and consultant, his reply stung. But then, this company was a major Aerospace/Defense contractor, and despite the Integrated Product Team initiatives of the 1980s, some of the old-timer Project Engineers were still not known for their interpersonal skills and scintillating style. But to make such a blanket statement? Even by the early 1990s, I had had worked with thousands of project managers who had great interpersonal skills—and personality galore!
A Product BOK
I was reminded of this discussion several years ago, when PM Consultant/Speaker/Author Gary Heerkens suggested that I should assist in a new initiative, to develop a Product Management Body of Knowledge. Gary put me in touch with Greg Geracie, who had completed a useful and popular book on the subject (Take Charge Product Management), and was working with a professional organization on this Body of Knowledge project.
Gary, Frank Salidis, Lee Lambert and other “great minds” in the pm community made significant contributions, and I reviewed their results, as a technical editor. They did a great job of bridging the gaps and overlaps between pm and pdm. The end result, The Guide to the Product Management and Marketing Body of Knowledge (ProdBOK®) went to press in 2013, and is available at a reasonable price at Amazon.com and other booksellers.
Of course, this useful book is not all about Project Management. PM is covered in this book as a way for Product Managers and Marketing managers to interact more effectively, and for each party to understand the strengths all can bring to any initiative. The ProdBOK goes beyond relationships, to include processes, terminology and life cycles (sadly missing in most pm standards). It is also a rich resource for project managers who wish to be more effective, especially in new product development (NPD) initiatives. Why do we say this? Read on.
PM’s Rising Star in Silicon Valley
The title of an article in the October 2013 Fortune magazine intrigued me; the article had frequent mentions about how today’s pm is the rising star role in Silicon Valley. That the pm role was a stairstep to the executive suite. Gee, only the most-effective organizations I’ve worked with have understood that! Then I was horrified to find that the author was not talking about project managers at all—no, they were highlighting product managers! Much of the article’s testimony echoed the sentiment of the executive in that first sentence above.
Here’s what is wrong with this picture: As product managers leverage their marketing savvy, business strategy and interpersonal skills, combining them with increased rigor and improved results, the project management role, for too many, has gone in the opposite direction over the past 30 years. Even in the 1980s, selling “soft side” pm workshops was difficult in most companies and government units. But for strange reasons, too many in our practice have gotten further away from the effectiveness factors, as product managers more adeptly harness them.
We have observed, in other articles, “the dumbing down of project management,” moving away from being the competent and performing change agents, leading incredibly successful teams to business success. We have lamented trainings that merely prepare people to pass an exam—not to improve performance; certifications that ignore the factors that are responsible for 90% of project success. Essentially, stripping unwary pms of the success factors that executives demand.
Turning the Corner
Of course, some professional organizations, such as IPMA, the International Project Management Association, IPMA-USA and the other IPMA member nations, have always understood the crucial role of these “soft” factors. We have emphasized Contextual Skills (business savvy) and Behavioral Skills (leadership and interpersonal skills) in project success, business results, education and training, and certification, for decades.
And now others are also realizing that project and business success don’t come from tested knowledge about technical processes. The conversion by the rest of the profession has recently accelerated with a “talent triangle.” This is a clear admission that IPMA has had it right all along. The IPMA Competence Baseline (see the version 4 cover at right) has always contained that triangle; we built this insight in the mid 1990s.
The next action for others will be to move beyond merely testing knowledge, to assess demonstrated performance competence. We see the signs of that next movement already, as we are much more frequently hearing the word “capability.” For most, that is a word that relates to demonstrated competence, performance, and business results. Of course, IPMA-USA and other IPMA Member Nations have been demonstrating those key success factors—and improving business success with projects, for years!
As we all continue to emphasize the aspects of our discipline that contribute most to project and business success, we will learn another insight from our product management associates: We will learn to more often–yet cautiously–trumpet our successes–one of our most important gaps, as a profession or practice. Then we will eventually impress, and even gain the confidence of, those corporate executives—such as the one in my first sentence, above. After all, effective project and program managers are the change agents that implement and achieve our executives’ visions for success.